Author Guidelines


Titles of manuscripts must be concise, presented with the utmost clarity and focused on the topic of the manuscript.
Title of manuscript, list of authors, and order of authors must be the same on all pieces of the submission.
All authors must be listed on the submission page with current contact information and a direct/valid e-mail address for each.
All sections of an Article must be properly labeled (Introduction, Discussion, Experimental Sections, Conclusions, etc.).
Simple equal authorship statements are allowed; itemization of individual author contributions or partial authorship is not permitted.
Use of excessive self-citations is not permitted.
Disclaimers are not allowed in manuscripts LiSS or in the Supporting Information.
Dedications may appear only in the Acknowledgment section and are subject to approval by the Editor.
A Journal Publishing Agreement is required for publication. Authors will be requested to produce an electronic Journal Publishing Agreement after acceptance of the paper.
Manuscript Submission.

Manuscripts must be submitted via this email address: Manuscripts submitted to LiSS should be written in English and in a style that addresses a wider audience than for papers prepared for more specialized journals. Submission of a manuscript to LiSS is contingent upon the agreement by all the authors that the reported work has not received prior publication and that no portion of this or any other closely related work is under consideration for publication elsewhere in any medium, including electronic journals, computer databases, and publicly accessible preprint Web sites. Authors must adhere to our Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement, Conflict of Interest, Informed consent, Human and Animal Right and Plagiarism Guidelines. Failure to adhere to one or more of the ethical guidelines will result in the rejection of the manuscript.

Manuscripts should be typed in Times New Roman or Arial 12-point type with margins of 2.5 centimeters (1 inch). Double spacing should be used throughout. All papers should be organized to include: title page, abstract with keywords, text, acknowledgments,references, table legends, tables (each table in a separate page) and figure legends. Figures should be submitted as separate files. Each of the preceding elements should begin on a separate page. While the Introduction should begin on a separate page, it is not necessary for the Methods, Results, and Discussion section to begin on a separate page; instead, they should follow after the Introduction, with two spaces separating each section. Pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the Title page.

Title Page

  1. Title, which should be limited to 100 characters (count letters and spaces, use no abbreviations).
  2. First name, middle initial, and last name of each author.
  3. Name of department(s) and/or institution(s) to which the work should be attributed linked to each author with a corresponding number.
  4. Name and address of the author to whom requests for reprints should be addressed.
  5. Corresponding Author’s e-mail address, FAX number, and phone number.
  6. All source(s) of support in the form of grants, gifts, equipment, and/or drugs.
  7. Acknowledgements.


The second page should carry an abstract of not more than 150 words. Avoid a long introductory section. A clear conclusion is imperative. The abstract should be written in a format that can be understood by both researchers and clinicians. At the bottom of the page, and list 3 to 6 key words for use as indexing terms. These terms should not include words in the title of the manuscript.


The text of articles should be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Long articles may require subheadings within some sections to clarify the contents, especially the Results and Discussion sections.

Generic names of drugs should be used instead of trade names. The location (city, state, country) of a manufacturer listed in the text should be provided after the first reference to the manufacturer.

Units of measurement should conform to current scientific usage and can be abbreviated when they follow a number (e.g., cm, nm, ml, g, mg, nmol) but not otherwise. Unusual units should be defined.

Statistical methods must be described and the program used for data analysis, and its source, should be stated. Summary statistics should define whether standard deviation (± SD), variability of the sample, or standard error of the mean (± SEM), uncertainty about the average, is being used.


Please ensure that your references include the most current articles and information. References should be typed double-spaced beginning on a separate sheet and numbered in the order that they appear in the text.

All authors’ names (do not use “et al.”), complete article titles, and inclusive page numbers should be cited. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus.

Examples of reference style:

Journal articles:
Bruinsma IB, Bruggink KA, Kinast K, Versleijen AA, Segers-Nolten IM, Subramaniam V, Kuiperij HB, Boelens W, de Waal RM, Verbeek MM. Inhibition of α-synuclein aggregation by small heat shock proteins. Proteins 2011;79:2956-67


South J, Blass B (2001). The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London. ISBN: _

Book chapters

Gbalint-Kurti GG. Wavepacket Theory of Photodissociation and Reactive Scattering. In: Advances in Chemical Physics, Ed: Wiley, New York, 2004; Vol. 128; p 257. ISBN: _


Each table should constitute a single unit of communication, completely informative in itself and be presented as a separate page in the same document of the text. It should be possible to understand the information in a table without reading the text. The informationin a very small table can be presented more economically as one or two sentences of text. Do not submit tables as separate files, i.e. as photographs or figures. Tables should be numbered consecutively, have a brief title, and be cited in text. All non-standard abbreviations used in each table should be explained in footnotes. Legends have to be included in the text of the manuscript just before the references section (see above).

Drawings, graphs, photographs etc. must be submitted in .jpg or .tif format. Histological photographs must include magnification ratios, bars and staining method. Legends have to be included in the text of the manuscript just before the references section (see above).

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission’s compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

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